ice sculptures by Mark Daukas
"Thor, God of Thunder and Lightning" by Mark Daukas and Scott Rella in Hamar, Norway at the 1994 Olympic Arts Festival Ice Carving Competition. Photo courtesy of Scott Rella.
artwork for "Thor, God of Thunder and Lightning" by Mark Daukas and Scott Rella. Notice how closely the artwork matches the finished ice sculpture. Image courtesy of Scott Rella.
Mark uses a chainsaw to cut a wing free from a larger piece of ice. Mark put an emphasis on treating ice carvings as true sculptures, so elements were carved fully in the round. Photo courtesy of Jeff Kaiser.
Mark uses liquid nitrogen to attach a sculpted wing to a larger piece of ice at a demo. Mark and Scott Rella made extensive use of liquid nitrogen (which is at about -320°F) during carving of the "Thor" piece in Norway. Photo courtesy of Jeff Kaiser.
Mark works on a small section of a multi-block King Neptune ice sculpture inside the 2011 version of the Orange County Fair Ice Museum.
Mark's precisely carved angelfish ice sculpture also featured snowfill engraved striping. Snowfill engraving gives ice sculptors a way to create contrast (white snow against clear ice) on the surface of their sculptures.
A different kind of "seahorse," this hippocampus ice sculpture combines horse and fish in a dynamic pose that is one of Mark's specialties.
Here's a closeup shot of the head of Mark's hippocampus ice carving. Note the lifelike look of the creature's eye.
Besides the hippocampus piece, Mark carved a more standard version of a seahorse ice sculpture, which also was displayed at one of the Museum's viewing windows.
Both kinds of seahorse sit next to one another before they are placed on their pedestals in front of the viewing windows. Mark carved his pieces for the display windows back at the Carving Ice studio and the delicate ice sculptures were carefully transported to the Museum.
Mark puts finishing touches on his sailfish piece. Each of the ice sculptures require careful touchups before they're ready for viewing. In some cases, as in the case of the sailfish carving, the sculpture must be assembled.
A male torso, a la Michelangelo, is on display at the 2010 Ice Museum. This is one of Mark's signature ice sculptures and represents his commitment to an expertise in sculpting human anatomy.(photo courtesy of Jim Ottens)
Mark's multi-block Neptune ice sculpture sits partly complete in the 2011 Museum. Mark sculpted the entire piece onsite at the Ice Museum. The finished piece included ice dolphins that swam in front of Neptune; these were completed while the Museum was open, giving visitors an extra icy treat! (photo courtesy of Jim Ottens)
A goldfish piece sits partly complete at the Carving Ice studio. On the wall behind the sculpture, you can see the detailed drawings that Mark was working from. Mark is also known for his use of detailed templates while sculpting so that the final ice art will reach the its design potential.
This was Mark's double block ice sculpture at the 1993 National Championships in Youngstown, Ohio. An innovative ice representation of the Titan Atlas, it was titled "Bearer of the Heavens." It was awarded the highest point total for the first day of competition.
For the the 2010 Ice Museum Mark sculpted a recreation of his signature angel piece titled "Harmony" (photo courtesy of Jim Ottens)
This version of "Harmony" from the 1993 National Championships, gave Mark his 3rd straight sanctioned National Championship.
Here's a third of "Harmony" from 1993. Although difficult to see, the sculpture features an almost impossibly delicate ice harp, cradled in the angel's left arm.
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